The capital city during the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, Beijing has long been the political, cultural, and diplomatic centre of China. It is now an international city, home to more than 11 million people from all walks of life.
Alongside 7300 cultural relics and historic sites and more than 200 scenic spots — including the world’s largest palace, the Forbidden City, as well as the Great Wall, Summer Palace, and Temple of Heaven — Beijing boasts an impressive modern skyline, a reflection of its rapid economic development.
Beijing is divided into 14 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties. Beijing is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and motorways passing through the city. It is also the destination of many international flights arriving in China. Beijing is recognised as the political, educational, and cultural centre of the People’s Republic of China.
The recently expanded Beijing Capital International Airport is China’s largest and most advanced airport.
Situated in eastern Asia and on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean, the People’s Republic of China covers a land area of 9.6 million square kilometres, with an inland and coastal water area of more than 4.7 million square kilometres and an eastern and southern continental coastline extending for about 18,000 kilometres.
China shares common borders with 14 countries and is adjacent to 8 nations on the ocean. There are 4 municipalities directly under central government administration, 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions. The capital city is Beijing.
Climate data for Beijing in October (1971/2000)
Source: China Meteorological Administration